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Senior High School Specialized Subject: Biology I

Biology I is one of the specialized subjects under the Academic career track and the STEM learning strand. Some examples of the things that you will learn from taking this subject include:

  • Cell
    • Cell Theory
    • Cell Structure and Functions
    • Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic Cells
    • Cell Types
    • Cell Modifications
    • Cell Cycle
      • Mitosis
      • Meiosis
    • Transport Mechanisms
      • Simple Diffusion
      • Facilitated Transport
      • Active Transport
      • Bulk/Vesicular Transport
  • Biological Molecules
    • Structures and Functions of Biological Molecules
      • Carbohydrates
      • Lipids
      • Proteins
      • Enzymes
      • Nucleic Acids
  • Energy Transformation
    • ATP- ADP Cycle
    • Photosynthesis
    • Respiration

While studying, you will also be asked to demonstrate what you have learned by participating in class activities that may include the following:

  • Distinguishing prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells according to their distinguishing features
  • Classifying different cell types and specify the function(s) of each
  • Identify diseases that result from the malfunction of the cell during the cell cycle
  • Categorizing the biological molecules according to their structure and function
  • Determining how factors such as pH, temperature, and substrate affect enzyme activity
  • Distinguishing major features of glycolysis, Krebs cycle, electron transport system, and chemiosmosis
  • Computing the number of ATPs needed or gained in photosynthesis and respiration
  • Explaining the advantages and disadvantages of fermentation and aerobic respiration
  • Constructing a 3D model of a plant/animal/ bacterial cell using recyclable materials
  • Constructing a cell membrane model from indigenous or recyclable materials
  • Preparing simple fermentation setup using common fruits to produce wine or vinegar via microorganisms

These examples only cover the scope of the specialized subjects under the Academic track and STEM learning strand. For the scope of the core and contextualized subjects under the senior high school curriculum, please refer to their respective lists.

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