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Senior High School Specialized Subject: Caregiving

Caregiving is one of the specialized subjects under the technical-vocational livelihood (TVL) career track. Some examples of the things that you will learn from taking this subject include:


  • Care and Support to Infants and Toddlers
    • Different stages of normal growth and development
    • Basic Infant Care
    • Signs of infants/toddlers’ distress
    • Picking up and cuddling procedures
    • Procedures in taking vital signs
    • Procedures in bathing and dressing/ undressing of infants
    • Dietary requirements for infants and toddlers
    • Cultural practices and beliefs about food provision
    • Nutritional needs of infants and toddlers
    • Cleaning and sterilizing feeding bottle
    • Procedure in feeding
    • Occupational health and safety guidelines
    • Guides in preparing infant/toddler’s crib
  • Care and Support to Children
    • Proper healthcare of children
    • Good grooming
    • Regulations on safety, health, and hygiene
    • The spread of infectious diseases and cross infection
    • Nutritional needs of children by age level
    • Preparation and cooking of menu for children
    • Children’s psychology
    • Children’s developmental stages
  • Social, Intellectual, Creative, and Emotional Development of Children
    • Child’s rate of development, needs, interests, and strength
    • Sleeping patterns and practices of children
    • Interaction between the physical, social, and psychological development of children
    • Equipment, toys, and, resources that can be used to stimulate physical development
    • Needs of children with sensory or physical disability
  • Care and Support to Elderly
    • Concepts and principles of basic nursing care of the elderly
    • Rights of the elderly
    • Attitudes in dealing with the elderly
    • Short interpersonal exchanges
    • Needs of the elderly
    • Assistance given to the elderly
    • Personal care needs
    • Personal preferences of the elderly
    • Factors contributing to individual differences
    • Assistive devices
    • Types of processes and aides
    • Appropriate communication and relationship building processes
  • Care and Support to People With Special Needs
    • Special needs
    • The people with special needs
    • Rights of the people with special needs
    • Physical/instrumental activities of daily living
    • Physical comfort and rest
    • Pain management
    • Support/assistance needed by people with special needs
    • Relevant legislation and policies on health and safety
    • Responsibilities of a caregiver
    • Strategies to meet special needs
    • Types of challenging behaviors
    • Assessing challenging behavior
    • Prevention and management of challenging behavior
  • Responding to Emergency
    • Hygiene and health principles
    • Exclusion guidelines for people with special needs and infection control
    • Signs and symptoms of various illnesses and diseases
    • Medical assistance policies and procedures
    • Communicating with clients’ relatives
    • Procedures in comforting or consoling clients
    • Basic first aid and emergency procedures
    • Strategies to calm, reassure, and comfort clients
    • Recording and reporting emergencies
    • Guidelines and legislative requirements in responding to emergencies
    • Administering medication procedures and guidelines
    • Monitoring, recording, and reporting medication
    • Common dangers, hazards, and threats to safety and well-being
    • Risk reduction and emergency mitigation measures

While studying, you will also be asked to demonstrate what you have learned by participating in class activities that may include the following:

  • Explaining core concepts in caregiving
  • Classifying the tools and equipment according to the need of the infant/toddler
  • Identifying non-verbal cues to respond to distressed infants and toddlers
  • Conducting research on innovative and nutritive menu for infant or toddlers
  • Taking individual differences into consideration or practice
  • Exhibiting acknowledgment and positive support to cope with negative feeling
  • Exhibiting appropriate attitudes such as confidentiality, privacy, courtesy, and respect
  • Identifying the different equipment and aids used by the elderly
  • Showing empathy in extending assistance to the elderly
  • Role-playing the special needs extended to people with special needs
  • Discussing relevant legislation and policies on health and safety
  • Identifying strategies for the prevention and management of challenging behaviors
  • Conducting dry-runs in responding emergencies based on established guidelines and legislative requirements

These examples only cover the scope of the specialized subjects under the technical-vocational livelihood career track. For the scope of the core and contextualized subjects under the senior high school curriculum, please refer to their respective lists.

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