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Senior High School Specialized Subject: Horticulture

Horticulture is one of the specialized subjects under the technical-vocational livelihood (TVL) career track. Some examples of the things that you will learn from taking this subject include:


  • Personal Entrepreneurial Competencies (PECS)
    • Assessment of personal competencies and skills
  • Environment and Market
    • Key concepts of market
    • Players in the market
    • Products and services available in the market
    • Consumer analysis
    • Generating business ideas
  • Produce Fruit Bearing Crop
    • Preparing the Site for Planting
      • Site assessment in terms of soil physicochemical properties
      • Procedures in site assessment
      • Factors affecting the site for planting fruit-bearing crops
      • Staking the site
      • Installation of irrigation system
      • Digging holes
    • Growing Seedlings
      • Gathering and preparation of growing media component
      • Hastening germination by seed treatment
      • Performing bagging operations
      • Sowing seeds in plastic bags
      • Determination of fruit maturity
      • Preparation of appropriate harvesting materials and tools
      • Harvesting of fruits
    • Transplanting seedlings
      • Application of basal fertilizer
      • Planting of seedlings
    • Growing Trees
      • Application of fertilizer materials based on needs and recommendation rates
      • Pruning and thinning of trees
      • Application of tar or paints to cuts
      • Control of pest and disease in fruit bearing trees
  • Post-harvest operation, tools, materials, equipment, and facilities
  • Post-harvest operations for major tropical fruits
  • Post-harvest operations for major lowland and semi-temperate vegetable crops
  • Packaging, labeling, storing, and marketing


While studying, you will also be asked to demonstrate what you have learned by participating in class activities that may include the following:

  • Recognizing PECs needed in horticulture
  • Recognizing and understand the market and potential market in horticulture
  • Creating new business ideas in horticulture business by using various techniques
  • Staking the site according to standard method and tree species requirements
  • Setting up drip irrigation systems according to standard procedures
  • Mixing growing media components according to desired proportions and established procedures
  • Performing different methods of seed germination according to plant species and tree growing
  • Demonstrating proper harvesting of fruits according to crop requirements and crop manual
  • Determining appropriate planting methods according to plant species and requirements
  • Employing appropriate pest control measures according to plant requirements and established procedure

These examples only cover the scope of the specialized subjects under the technical-vocational livelihood career track. For the scope of the core and contextualized subjects under the senior high school curriculum, please refer to their respective lists.

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