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Senior High School Specialized Subject: Pest Management

Pest Management is one of the specialized subjects under the technical-vocational livelihood (TVL) career track. Some examples of the things that you will learn from taking this subject include:


  • Personal Entrepreneurial Competencies (PECS)
    • Assessment of personal competencies and skills
  • Environment and Market
    • Key concepts of market
    • Players in the market
    • Products and services available in the market
    • Consumer analysis
  • Field Assessment
  • Bio-control Measures
  • Cultural Management Strategies
  • Physical Control Measures
  • Chemical Control Measures

While studying, you will also be asked to demonstrate what you have learned by participating in class activities that may include the following:

  • Recognizing PECs needed in pest management
  • Recognizing and understand the market and potential market in pest management
  • Develop a product/service in pest management
  • Visiting field for assessment
  • Observing plant appearance and growth for possible presence of pests, beneficial organisms, and nutritional disorders
  • Determining levels of infestation/severity tolerated by the client, market, or environment in line with Integrated Management Plan (IPM)
  • Identifying pests which warrant action
  • Assessing requirement for available bio-control measure in line with IPM strategy
  • Selecting cultural management strategies to target pests
  • Selecting appropriate pesticide(s) based on target pest, natural enemy density, level of severity/infestation, environment factors, and other relevant information
  • Using pesticide in accordance with legislations and regulations
  • Carrying out pre-operational and safety checks on application equipment and tools, calibrations and adjustments made according to manufacturer’s specifications
  • Handling chemical spills according to standard procedures
  • Recording observable adverse effects to natural enemies, humans, farm animals and the environment according to farm work procedures
  • Maintaining records as required by legislation and enterprise guidelines

These examples only cover the scope of the specialized subjects under the technical-vocational livelihood career track. For the scope of the core and contextualized subjects under the senior high school curriculum, please refer to their respective lists.

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