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Senior High School Specialized Subject: Philippine Politics and Governance

Philippine Politics and Governance is one of the specialized subjects under the Academic career track and the HUMSS learning strand. Some examples of the things that you will learn from taking this subject include:

  • Introduction: The concepts of politics and governance
    • The meaning of politics
    • How politics can be studied
    • The meaning of governance
  • Political Ideologies
    • The basic tenets of the major political ideologies (i.e., liberalism, socialism, conservatism, etc
  • Power
    • Nature
    • Dimensions
    • Types
    • Consequences
  • States, Nations, and Globalization
    • The state as different from the nation as a political concept
    • Globalization as a context of relations among nation-states
  • Historical Background of Philippine Democratic Politics
    • The evolution of Philippine politics, government, and governance
  • The Executive
    • The role of the Philippine president in relation to his/her powers
  • The Legislative
    • The role and responsibilities of the Philippine Senate and the House of Representatives
  • The Judiciary
    • The role and responsibilities of the Philippine judiciary
  • Decentralization and Local Governance
    • Local governance in the context of the 1991 Local Government Code (LGC) of the Philippines and national-local government dynamics
  • Elections and political parties
  • The nature of elections and political parties in the context of the Philippines
  • Civil society and social movements
  • Political participation outside formal institutions
  • Citizenship
    • The traditional and modern views of citizenship
  • Integration
    • How the concepts/ideas learned in class can be utilized in actual experiences


While studying, you will also be asked to demonstrate what you have learned by participating in class activities that may include the following:

  • Differentiating the various views on politics
  • Exploring the connection between politics and political science
  • Identifying the basic tenets of major political ideologies
  • Differentiating the political ideologies
  • Examining the relationship between political ideologies and political communities
  • Critiquing ideas that have a direct impact on how we try to manage ourselves as a political community
  • Analyzing how political ideologies impact on the social and political life of Filipino
  • Analyzing the nature, dimensions, types, deployments, and consequences of power
  • Assessing how power is exercised in different situations
  • Evaluating how globalization influences nation-states
  • Assessing the effects of the colonial experience on Philippine politics and governance
  • Appraising the influence of Philippine political developments on contemporary Philippine politics
  • Analyzing how contemporary Philippine presidents exercised their powers
  • Critiquing the Philippine presidents’ exercise of power
  • Assessing the performance of the Philippine Congress
  • Appraising the impact of Congress’s performance on Philippine development
  • Discussing how the judiciary exercises political neutrality and fairness
  • Evaluating the performance of the Philippine judiciary as a protector of constitutional rights
  • Explaining the roles and functions of local government units
  • Examining how decentralization affects governance
  • Conducting an interview with barangay officials on community programs
  • Evaluating the performance of a local government unit

These examples only cover the scope of the specialized subjects under the Academic track and HUMSS learning strand. For the scope of the core and contextualized subjects under the senior high school curriculum, please refer to their respective lists.

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